Sweaty feet – plantar hyperhidrosis – unpleasant smell and excessive sweating.
Hyperkeratosis – hyperkeratosis – excessive hornification of the skin that often occurs at the bottom of the foot and the palms.
An intensive development of horny layer generally represents a protection mechanism of the body and skin.
When being irritated, the blood supply of the skin accelerates in order to carry away excessive heat and injured pieces of tissue. Cells producing new skin tissue start to divide faster due to the increased blood supply in lower layers of the skin. This way, the thickened horny layer protects the injured area. As a result, blisters and corns emerge, usually first at the tiptoes and heel.
Excessive skin hornification, genetic predispositions or other defects may result in skin cracking. The triggers are divided into the categories “humid” and “dry”, which supports the claim that both too humid and too dry skin has a propensity for cracking. Healthy skin is smooth, elastic and very resilient. The emergence of cracks is usually preceded by hyperkeratosis of the skin that is often accompanied by inflammation.
Various pathologies concerning the skin of nails and feet requiring specific medical treatment exist. Today, methods and special gadgets are available that will help restoring a healthy appearance of the legs in a harmless way if applied adequately.
Patients suffering from diabetes are more significantly exposed to the development of nerve damages (neuropathy) and blood supply disorders (ischemia) concerning the legs. Both neuropathy and ischemia may cause ulcers and poorly healing wounds on the legs that may require amputation in case of infection. The results of large scale studies dealing with the prevalence of diseases indicate that diabetes serves in 40-70% of all lower-limb amputations as the defining reason. Effective prevention and medication can, however, prevent the necessity of amputation in a majority of cases.
Characteristics of legs exposed to certain risks: poor sensitivity (feel of walking on cotton wool), posture issues, circulatory disorders, high blood sugar level, wrong leg care, inappropriate footwear. Other health conditions related to diabetes (mutation of fundus, kidney damage), swelling of legs.
Inflammatory rheumatic diseases cause mutations and abnormalities of bones, joints and soft tissue. As a consequence, the pressure points of the foot change. Especially degradation of the sole of the foot impedes the normal functioning of the foot. Pain and swelling diminish the flexibility of joints and muscle function.
Regular foot treatments helps to identify distortion of joints in an early stage and immediately find adequate means for alleviation. The pressure on the foot can be decreased and the position while walking can be improved by applying appropriate means.
Machine pedicure is used for foot treatment.